Les États généraux du film documentaire 2012 Scam: Radio Night

Scam: Radio Night


An outdoors evening organised by the Scam, Ina and Radio France.
Wednesday August 22 at 9:00 pm at Saint-Laurent-sous-Coiron.
Free shuttle buses will leave Lussas from 8:00 pm.

Things will be better tomorrow!

Return to the Future was the title of a hit film a few decades ago. In a way, it is also a manner of defining the theme of our "2012 Radio Night" with – I am biased, I admit – radio doing a much better job. Whereas the director Robert Zemeckis had to fight with what I would call "the imperative necessity of images", radio does not have these problems, being happy enough to allow us to dream, imagine, envisage...

I will not once again recall that definition of radio which is dear to my heart and ears: "Radio? A kind of Television rid of parasite images..." Simply, allow me to make a few remarks. First of all, this: "Things will be better tomorrow!" is in a way the rallying cry for all sorts of optimists, those who see in the expression "a radiant future" an intolerable pleonasm. Contrary to the pessimists... And what if, in fact, things were not "necessarily" better tomorrow? Without going back to Antiquity – when the bearers of bad tidings were beheaded – do we really expect to hear good news when we listen to the radio? These are questions that any well intentioned listener could ask (like any televiewer or reader of the press). It has become a cliché to say that journalists are never there to talk about trains that arrive on time, but rather those that are late or which never arrive.

Then, second remark, if things are not necessarily "better tomorrow", we cannot necessarily deduct that things were "better before": even radio, with its evocative powers, cannot transform with a magic transistor an optimist into someone nostalgic... Finally, we get the impression that all the great men of media, when they proclaim their hope in a "better" to come, do it above all from a tactical point of view: whether it be Pierre Crénesse prophesying the progress of perforated cards or Jacques Carion that of the computer.
So? Has happiness, not to be found in the fields, moved to the Internet? It is with this open question that I wish you pleasant listening at the "2012 Radio Night".

Pierre Bouteiller
Chair of the Scam sound works commission


A programme proposed by Christian Clères, member of the Scam audio commission.
With the aid of Veronika Mabardi (Scam Belgique), Marine Decaens (phonothèque Ina), Frédéric Fiard (editing and mix), Astrid Lockhart (writing).

Thanks to Jean-Louis Rioual for his sound sweets; Joe Farmer for his friendly contribution and the Pink Pills.

Eighty-two minutes of sound excerpts to be heard via headphones on the church square at Saint-Laurent-sous-Coiron.

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Que va-t-il se passer maintenant ?

What's going to happen now? is a sound postcard on apprehension of the world in which we live. To describe this moment of nightmare, Guillaume Istace has chosen various archives elements he has remixed like a DJ.

2009, 3'10

Author: Guillaume Istace
Independent Production
Broadcast: ByteFM (Belgique)

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Bientôt l’an 2000

What will tomorrow look like? The "Futuribles", a network of prospective researchers enquire beyond our borders.

1971, 2'32
Programme: Culture française – Regards sur la science
Production, presentation: Michel Rouzé
Participant: Bertrand de Jouvenel
Broadcast: France Culture

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Rendez-vous en l’an 2000 avec Pierre Lazareff

"The way things are going..." Pierre Lazareff extrapolates on the future of news in the year 2000: if the development of information tools will greatly facilitate and multiply communication, what about the ethical questions of freedom?

1949, 3'58

Programme: Actualités
Recorded on December 22, 1949 for RDF

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Le Cerveau électronique

An electronic calculator can now carry out fifty multiplications of 14 figure numbers in a second... Report by Pierre Crénesse at IBM in New York, at the heart of the first electronic brain.

1950, 3'42

Programme: Ainsi va le monde
Broadcast: RDF

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Le salon de l’équipement de bureau

Eight years later. From the electronic brain (already obsolete) to the computer using a magnetic disc, it is just a step. Jacques Carion, accompanied by Mister Girard, tries an experiment with this diabolical object that can do absolutely "everything..."

1958, 1'19

Programme: Le Journal parlé de 13 heures
Broadcast: Paris-Inter

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Le Corbusier

Marseille, October 14, 1952, 11 am, Inauguration of the "First example in the world of a form of modern habitat": birth of the "Cité Radieuse". Mister Claudius Petit, minister of Reconstruction, pays homage to the architect.

1952, 3'25

Programme: La première « Unité d’habitation » ou « Cité radieuse » inaugurée à Marseille
Recorded October 14, 1952 for RTF.

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Le loisir, qui en bénéficie ?

The best definition of the world "leisure": an entertainment which allows the development of one's personality. But whom are we addressing?

1955, 3'48

Programme : La Femme et le Foyer – Journal d’actualités
Broadcast : Paris Inter

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Les Congés payés, 1936

"Liberty is ours!" On June 11, 1936, Léo Lagrange, first Sub-secretary of state for Sports and the Organisation of Leisure in the Popular Front, has the principle of paid holidays adopted.

1986, 4'50

Programme: Nuits magnétiques
Production: Laure Adler et Maurice Lemoine
Technical direction : Hélène Pommier
Broadcast: France Culture

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Les vieillards ont-ils besoin de travailler ?

And retirement in all that? Following publication of the Laroque report, Pierre Delagarde presents a series of investigations on old age: here, the work of "the elderly" is examined. The conclusion is inescapable: the retiree is a bored man who only asks to work.

1962, 3'41

Programme: Édition spéciale – Actualités
Participant: Paul Reynaud
Broadcast: RTF

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Femmes en question

"What if in the future all women stayed at home..." Points of view on discrimination against women in the world of work.

1973, 1’55

Programme : Les Après-midi de France Culture
Production, presentation: Françoise Malettra
Broadcast: France Culture

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Le Salon des Arts Ménagers

The better, enemy of the good. The new, enemy of the better... The vices and virtues of women's liberation are discussed at the 34th Housekeeping Trade Fair.

1965, 2'23

Programme: Inter-Actualités de 8h
Participant: Louis Armand de l’Académie française
Broadcast: France Inter

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« Eau et gaz à tous les étages »

Household appliances take over, expressing new feminine aspirations for hygiene, comfort, beauty and leisure...

1997, 4'38

Programme: Lieux de mémoire – Les Arts ménagers
Production: Olivier Chaumelle
Participants: Jacques Rouaud, Roger Tallon
Technical direction: Pascale Rayet
Broadcast: France Culture

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Tu enfanteras sans douleur

May 19, 1954, 11.23 am: Gérard Vergne has witnessed a sensational scientific advance, a formidable success for modern medicine: giving birth painlessly without the aid of medication.

1954, 4'32

Programme: Le Monde comme il va
Production: Louis Dalmas
Technical direction: Marguerite Tarayre
Broadcast: Chaîne Parisienne

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Objet sonore du temps présent

"What does the future have in store? What will come after?" Between utopia and futurism, pessimism and catastrophe, the prophesies of René Barjavel, Aldous Huxley, Jean Baudrillard and René Char.

2010, 3'11

Hosted by Flora Bernard
Programme: Le 5/7 boulevard
Presentation: Philippe Collin et Xavier Mauduit
Production: Philippe Collin
Broadcast: France Inter

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Scénarios pour une fin du monde

Since the eighties and the theory of the "meteor which killed the dinosaurs", scenarios for the end of the world have become popular, not to mention the 2012 scare... Why such fascination over thousands of years?

2010, 2'44

Programme: La Marche des sciences
Production, presentation: Aurélie Luneau
Broadcast: France Culture

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L’Apocalypse est pour demain : 34ème épisode

"The demoralising and subterranean adventures of Robin Cruso", a catastrophe scenario in the style of Jean Yanne: crazy and absurd.

1977, 4'47

Author, producer and performer: Jean Yanne
Technical direction: Claude Mourthé
Broadcast: France Inter

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Méthodes pour explorer le futur

What world tomorrow? Under discussion (already) the question of exhausted natural resources, climate change and its consequences... and what will later be called "Vélib"!

1970, 5'09

Programme: Indicatif futur : Regards sur le monde à venir
Production: Claude Dupont
Participant: Pierre Piganiol
Broadcast: France Culture

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L’utilisation de l’énergie solaire

From the fridge to the cooker, according to Félix Trombe, research director at the CNRS, tomorrow's habitation will run on solar energy, or not at all.

1956, 4'38

Program: La Tribune du progrès
Production, presentation: Paul Sarès
Technical direction: Paul Castan
Broadcast: Paris Inter

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Comment mangerons-nous en l’an 2000 ?

In 1972, Robert Clarke discusses with Guy Fauconneau, research director at Inra, the evolution of our food. Will artificial food replace the traditional steak-fries?

1972, 5'51

Programme: Découvertes
Production, presentation: Robert Clarke
Broadcast: France Culture

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L’Utopie

What does this term mean today? Is it synonymous with an ideal tomorrow that will never come or the possibility of a better world. Guillaume Istace attempts a round up of the question selecting from various archives and discussing with the writer Ricardo Petrella.

2003, 6'53

Author: Guillaume Istace
Independent production
Broadcast: on a temporary radio during the 2003 Radiophonic Festival (Belgium)

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Les Pilules Pink

And all along the programme, six thirty second advertisements in the form of short scenes from daily live.
"PINK pills: all pharmacies, 10 francs 60!"

1936, 6 x 30 seconds

Radio Nîmes archives, adverts
Recorded, January 1936 for RDF