Les États généraux du film documentaire 2010 Scam: Radio Night

Scam: Radio Night

"It is forbidden to forbid!"
We know the slogan from 68. In 2010 has it turned into its contrary? "It is forbidden not to forbid"?

The paradox is only apparent and I will try to explain how and why these two logics are opposed: that of "everything is allowed" and that of "political correctness".

Of course, when we consider where we started from, there has been progress. The time seems far off when Maurice Clavel could leave the studio (already!) with the interjection "My dear censors, good evening!"; the same period when a television presenter (Noëlle Noblecourt) was sacked for "showing her knees" on television.
Culling from radio archives and on this issue, we have made a meaningful selection. Winning freedom of the airwaves has been a long battle and, in 2010, we can only be astounded at the pressure exerted on journalists – but not only – on all men and women in programming in general. For contrary to a commonly held idea, the problems inherent in freedom and its contrary are not only political: they deal with morals, business, sport...

And that's where we arrive at the "politically correct" with everything the term implies in terms of hypocrisy, demagogy, "protection of minorities" and so on...
Fundamentally, in 1784, Beaumarchais already foresaw what is happening before our eyes and ears in his famous tirade: "Provided I talk in my writings neither about authority, nor religion, politics, morality, or the people in power […] I am free to print what I like under the inspection of two or three censors."
Did he not anticipate the "politically correct" attitudes of our time which leads to self-censorship by a good number of journalists – radio, television or in the written press?

In 2010, we can speak of everything in complete freedom as long as we do not broach the subject of "communities", like those of gays, heterosexuals, Auvergnats, Bretons, Jews, Catholics, Protestants, Muslims, the poor, the rich, women, men...

Of course, we are more bad mouthed in the audiovisual industries than half a century ago but what we used to call "dirty words" function as a cover for our subservience to the "politically correct" which, in radio, is nothing less than a kind of "burka-phony" preventing us from dealing with society's taboos.

To conclude, once again, we have to remember: "Freedom only frays if we don't use it."

Pierre Bouteiller
President of the Audio commission at the Scam

A programme proposed by Janine Marc-Pezet, member of the Scam audio commission.
With the precious assistance of Irène Omélianenko, producer at France Culture and member of the Scam audio commission ; Gregor Beck, president of the audio commission at the Scam Belgium ; Catherine Louis, Ina Phonothèque ; Frédéric Fiard, editing and mix.

The Ears have walls

A programme lasting 1h35, for listening under the stars with headphones or, eyes closed. A free shuttle will leave the church of Lussas from 8:15 pm.

As an introduction, a little cheek and a few notes of music... with Aristide Bruant, in 1910. (Document from the Ina Phonothèque)

Jacques Prévert

The poet in his deep voice and with his rapid delivery gives his definition of censorship.

1950, 0’58, collection Tête de ligne
Production: Georges Ribemont Dessaignes
Broadcast: Chaîne nationale

Le Cinéma pornographique

On the release of Histoire d'O, the writer Jean Cau takes a stand against pornography.

1975, 1’11, collection Inter-Actualités de 19h
Broadcast: France Inter

Professeur Choron

"Tragic Ball at Colombey, one dead!" Brigitte Vincent discusses with Professeur Choron the cover page of the Hara Kiri Weekly of November 16, 1970.

1990, 2’57, collection Salut l’artiste
Journalist: Brigitte Vincent
Broadcast: France Inter

Ici Londres

The famous drum beats and the no less famous coded messages.


La Liberté au bout des ondes: Radio Londres, 1940-1944

Lucie Aubrac and Jean-Louis Crémieux Brilhac talk about the dangers of listening to the BBC during the war, denunciation, the militia, arrest, repression...

2002, 2’42, collection La Fabrique de l’Histoire
Technical direction: C. Robert, V. Lamendour
Production: A. Luneau, E. Laurentin
Broadcast: France Culture

La Disparition de la censure

Jacques Soustelle, Information minister, announces the suppression of censorship.

1945, 1’10, collection Chronique de Jean Guignebert
Broadcast: Radio Diffusion Française

Emission pirate de Radio France : La voix de l’Algérie française

The title is self-explanatory. OAS invites itself on the airwaves of Radio France.
1962, 1’44

Conférence de presse d’André Malraux

The confiscation of newspapers in France and Algeria, during a press conference, André Malraux, minister in charge of Information, explains.
1958, 2’10
Broadcast: RTF

La situation à Alger après le coup d’État contre Ben Bella

A report by Rémy Chamenois, ORTF correspondent in Algiers. The line is soon cut. The censors are listening.

1965, 1’49, collection Inter-Actualités de 13h
Journalists: J.-P. Elkabbach, J.-C. Héberlé
Broadcast: ORTF

Les Territoires de la censure

Jean-Jacques Pauvert (publisher), Jean-François Théry (President of the Cinema Commission) and Professeur Choron (Hara Kiri) draw up a brief history of the legalisation of censorship.

1985, 4’43, collection Tabou
Journalists: Pierre Zimmer et Marion Mezel
Broadcast: France Inter

Pavillon Dauphine : Voyage de Khrouchtchev

During a press conference by Nikita Khrushchev in simultaneous translation, what really happened? A technical incident, an editing mistake? Listen carefully...

1960, 2’52
Journalist: Roger Massip, Le Figaro

Alexandre Soljenitsyne (14 février 1974)

Literature Nobel Prize Winner in 1970, Alexander Soljenitsyne just expelled from the USSR and deprived of his citizenship arrives at his friend Heinrich Böll's house in Germany. He speaks to the press.

1974, 1’03, collection Inter-Actualités

Jean-Jacques Pauvert

Jean-Jacques Pauvert with his sense of analysis and provocation tells some cutting truth and tears a veil of hypocrisy: "Self-censorship is an alibi for not fighting censorship..."

1971, 4’25, collection Radioscopie
Presentation, production: Jacques Chancel
Broadcast: France Inter

Jean-Paul Sartre

Liberty, defined by Jean-Paul Sartre.

1973, 0’30, collection Radioscopie
Presentation, production: Jacques Chancel
Broadcast: France Inter

Les Caricatures de Mahomet

The "Muhammad cartoons" affair. Philippe Val, director of Charlie Hebdo, then Nicolas Sarkozy, minister of the Interior and Cults, expresses their thoughts.

2006, 2’33, collections Inter soir 18h et Inter Soir 19h
Presentation: Bruno Duvic
Broadcast: France Inter

Salman Rushdie, Les Versets sataniques

Salman Rushdie and his publishers, condemned to death by Ayatollah Khomeiny.

1975, 2’44, collection Inter-Actualités de 13h
Presentation, production: Jérôme d’Astier
Broadcast: France Inter

Le Canard enchaîné accusé de censure par l’un de ses collaborateurs

An article by Hervé Terrace, "Portugal militaire", was to be published by the satirical newspaper Le Canard enchaîné. The newspaper's refusal gave rise to the "Syphon vengeur" episode... Charlie Hebdo published the piece. Wolinski explains.

2009, 1’19, collection Un temps de Pauchon
Presentation, production: Hervé Pauchon
Technical direction: Véronique Barnet
Broadcast: France Inter

Forum sur la liberté de la presse au Théâtre du Châtelet

An overview of the press and freedom of information summed up by Edwy Plénel in February 2009.

2009, 1’19, collection Un temps de Pauchon
Presentation, production: Hervé Pauchon
Technical direction: Véronique Barnet
Broadcast: France Inter

Jacques Prévert (2ème extrait)

"When truth is not free, freedom is not true."

Radio Riposte

François Mitterrand, following a police raid on Socialist Party offices to prevent a broadcast by Radio Riposte.

1979, 0’56, collection Inter-Actualités de 22h
Broadcast: France Inter

Les Écoutes téléphoniques

June 1973, in the middle of the debate on phone tapping, Jacques Duclos takes the floor in the Senate.

1973, 1’15, collection Inter-Actualités de 13h
Journalist: Patrick Lecocq
Broadcast: France Inter

Les Écoutes téléphoniques (suite)

Three years later, Michel Poniatowski, minister of the Interior, details the framework and responsibilities.

1976, 1’16, collection Inter-Actualités de 13h
Broadcast: France Inter

État des lieux de la censure en 1968

With the help of a letter sent by a teacher to the team of the "Masque et la Plume", an overview of censorship in France in 1968... in film or literature.

1968, 4’04, collection Le Masque et la Plume
Presentation: Michel Polac
With: Jean-Louis Bory
Broadcast: France Inter

The Nun, Jacques Rivette

April 1966. Jacques Rivette's film The Nun has just been banned. Jean-Louis Bory explains in a brilliant and humorous piece what has to be established to protect the young...

1966, 2’, collection Le Masque et la Plume
Presentation, production: Michel Polac
Coproducer: François-Régis Bastide
Broadcast: France Inter

André Cayatte

André Cayatte on the subject of his film L'Affaire Seznec which he was never able to shoot. Censorship is no longer wielded by the state, it has become economic.

1968, 1’32, collection Radioscopie
Presentation, production: Jacques Chancel
Broadcast: France Inter

Yves Boisset

The SAC have just demanded confiscation of Yves Boisset's film: Judge Fayard Called the Sheriff.
1977, 1’58, collection Inter-Actualités
Broadcast: France Inter

Jean-Luc Godard

Interview of Jean-Luc Godard, the day of the release of his new film Hail Mary.

1985, 1’16, collection Inter-Actualités de 7h
Presentation: Gérard Courchelle
Journalist: Jean-Marc Stricker
Broadcast: France Inter

Manifestation à Nantes contre Hail Mary

A few days later, in Nantes, in front of the doors of the cinema "Le Cartosa"...

1985, 1’56, collection Inter-Actualités de 6h30
Reporting from: Nicolas Godefroy, Radio France Pays de Loire
Broadcast: France Inter

« Rebut »

In October 1988, the Belgian section of the catholic fundamentalist movement created by Bishop Marcel Lefebvre organised a demonstration, Place de la Monnaie, in Brussels against the release of Martin Scorsese's The Last Temptation of Christ considered blasphemous by the group. This demonstration took the form of a crucifixion parade with participation of the Neo-Nazi group, the Parti des forces nouvelles (PFN).

1988, 4’44, programme Rebut
Production: Ateliers Glasnost
Broadcast: Radio Campus (Bruxelles)

Louis Malle

We hear Louis Malle in 1978 after his film Pretty Baby was censored in Canada.

1978, 1’42, collection Les Arts du spectacle
Presentation, production: Claire Jordan
Broadcast: France Culture

Fernando Arrabal

For the world creation of L'Aurore rouge et noire by the Théâtre de Poche in Brussels in 1968, Fernando Arrabal, whose work is forbidden in Spain, talks about the "colour of terror".

1968, 1’56
Journalist: Marcel Croes

Eugène Ionesco

Interviewed on the publication of Notes et contre-notes, Eugène Ionesco distinguishes two types of censorship.

1963, 3’45, collection Entretien avec
Journalist: Moussa Abadi

Albert Camus

Definition of the words "liberty" and "individualism" by Albert Camus.

1950, 0’50
Production: René Wilmet

Professeur Choron

After the scandal of the touched up photo of Dalida on the cover of Charlie Hebdo, Professeur Choron talks about the seizure of the paper.

1990, 1’01, collection Le Bon plaisir
Technical direction: Thierry Pons
Presentation, production: Francesca Piolot
Broadcast: France Culture

Juliette Gréco

Juliette Gréco and Hélène Hazera dig through the "songs by interpreters" files at Radio France.

2001, 3’39, collection À voix nue
Presentation, production: Hélène Hazera
Broadcast: France Culture

Je t’aime, moi non plus

Serge Gainsbourg has just recorded Je t'aime, moi non plus with Brigitte Bardot. Scandal. He chooses self-censorship.

1967, 1’20, collection Inter-Actualités de 20h
Broadcast: France Inter

Magali Noël

Magali Noël singer, amongst others, of Johnny fais-moi mal, gets some advice before going on stage...

1982, 1’47, collection Boris, Bobby, Dimey et les autres
Technical direction: Michel-Alain Barjou
Production: Alain Poulanges, Janine Marc-Pezet
Broadcast: France Inter

Jean Ferrat

Bitter sweet dialogue between Jean Ferrat and Jacques Chancel on the tenuous frontier between censorship and self-censorship.

1972, 3’19, collection Radioscopie
Presentation, production: Jacques Chancel
Broadcast: France Inter

L'affaire Franco

1975, Franco is dying. In Belgium, two radio comedians, Richard Kalisz and Michel Gheude launch live and on air a competition for epitaphs. Response from the censors is immediate. Something never seen.

2005, 5’14, programme Par ouï-dire
Technical direction, production: Pascale Tison
Broadcast: La Première-RTBF
Jean Rigaud

Jean Rigaud, singer, declaims loud and clear that in the cabaret there is no censorship.

1958, 1’20, collection Actualités de Midi
Journalist: Paul-Louis Mignon

Pierre Desproges

Pierre Desproges announces the start of his Chroniques de la haine ordinaire: a few well placed swipes and the tone is set...

1986, 3’09, collection Inter-Actualités de 13h
Broadcast: France Inter

L’humeur de… Stéphane Guillon

THE famous programme which has made the rounds on the web... Followed by THE response by Dominique Strauss-Kahn.

2009, 4’41, collection le 7/10
Journalist: Stéphane Guillon
Presentation, production: Eric Delvaux
Broadcast: France Inter

Salvador Dalí

And, to finish, this phrase by Dalí for meditation: "Butterflies are never free." Guess why...

1971, 0’45, collection Radioscopie
Presentation, production: Jacques Chancel
Broadcast: France Inter

Tuesday, August 26 at 9:00 pm, in the open air, Saint-Laurent-sous-Coiron, Place of the village.